Northwest College

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Understanding Title IX and Sexual Misconduct

Clery Act

Many students and parents are concerned about issues of personal safety on college campuses. Crime is a national problem; it affects all communities and college campuses, including campuses in rural areas such as Powell.

Northwest College makes every effort to provide a safe campus and learning environment for its students.  

To learn more about crime statistics for the past three years at Northwest College, check out the Annual Security & Fire Safety Report. This report follows the Jeanne Clery Disclosure of Campus Security Policy and Crime Statistics Act, also known as the Clery Act.

What is the Clery Act?

The Clery Act was named after Jeanne Clery, a student who was raped and murdered in her dorm room by a fellow student at Lehigh University in Pennsylvania. The death of Jeanne Clery triggered concern about unreported crime and safety issues on campuses across the country. It eventually led to the Clery Act, summarized by the Clery Center as a “consumer protection law that aims to provide transparency around campus crime policy and statistics” (Clery Center, 2017).

According to the Clery Center, the Clery Act, signed into law in 1990 by George H.W. Bush, requires colleges and universities to do the following:

  • disseminate a public annual security report (ASR)
  • include four distinct categories of crime in their ASR crime data
  • include crime statistics on-campus and certain places off-campus
  • provide timely warnings and emergency notifications of crime

Annual Security Reporting

The Clery Act requires colleges and university that receive federal funding to disseminate a public annual security report (ASR) to employees and students every October 1st. This ASR must include campus crime statistics for the preceding three calendar years, as well as details about efforts taken to improve campus safety.

Policy statements must also be included in the ASR regarding crime reporting, campus facility security and access, law enforcement authority, incidence of alcohol and drug use, and the prevention of and response to sexual assault, domestic or dating violence, and stalking (Clery Center, 2017).

Crime Categories

Institutions of higher education must include four distinct categories of crime in their ASR data: criminal offenses, hate crimes, Violence Against Women Act (VAWA) offenses, and arrests and referrals for disciplinary action. The following details each category:

Criminal Offenses

  • Criminal homicide: murder and non-negligent manslaughter, manslaughter by negligence
  • Sexual assault: rape, fondling, incest, statutory rape
  • Robbery
  • Aggravated assault
  • Burglary
  • Motor vehicle theft
  • Arson
Hate Crimes

  • Any of the above mentioned offenses
  • Larceny-theft
  • Simple assault
  • Intimidation
  • Destruction, damage, or vandalism of property
VAWA Offenses

  • Domestic violence
  • Dating violence
  • Stalking
Arrests and Referrals for Disciplinary Action

  • Weapons law violations
  • Drug abuse violations

On-Campus and Certain Off-Campus Crime Statistics

Clery Crime reporting is not strictly limited to events that occur on campus or within campus buildings and residences. Institutions must include statistics for crime occurring in any of these geographic areas:

  • On-campus (anywhere)
  • On-campus student housing
  • Public property within campus bounds
  • Public property immediately adjacent to campus
  • Non-campus buildings and property owned or controlled by an organization that are used for educational purposes and frequently used by students but not a part of the core campus, or those owned or controlled by a student organization officially recognized by the institution

Regardless of where the crimes occur, campus police and public safety departments must maintain a daily crime log of all reported crimes that fall within their jurisdiction. The crime log must be made available to the public during daily business hours (Clery Center, 2017).

Timely Warnings and Emergency Notifications

If a crime covered by the Clery Act occurs, campus officials are required to evaluate if there is a serious or ongoing threat to the campus community in order to determine if a timely warning needs to be issued to all staff and students.

If there is an immediate, significant danger to the health and safety of the campus community (such as weather or a disease outbreak), campus officials may issue an emergency notification (Clery Center, 2017).

For more information about how Northwest College notifies students and staff about emergencies, please see the NWC Security & Fire Safety Report.

Victim Rights, Options, and Resources

The Clery Act guarantees victims of sexual assault, domestic violence, dating violence, and stalking specific rights, options, and resources.

Prevention Education

Institutions are required to provide students and employees—on an introductory and on-going basis—prevention and awareness programs on sexual assault, domestic violence, dating violence, and stalking. These programs must include material on bystander intervention and risk reduction aimed at recognizing the warning signs of these crimes.

Student and Employee Rights

Victims of sexual assault, domestic violence, dating violence, and stalking must be provided with a written explanation of their rights. These rights include the option for relocation or change of housing, transportation, or academic course assignment. They also include access to counseling services, legal services, and law enforcement notification.

Disciplinary Proceedings

All disciplinary proceedings must be conducted by trained parties at the institution, whether it be individuals or panels. Proceedings must be prompt, fair, and impartial; they must confer certain procedural rights to both the accuser and the accused (Clery Center, 2017).

NWC Safety

To learn more about how Northwest College is specifically following the Clery Act, please refer to the NWC Security & Fire Safety Report or contact Lee Blackmore, Campus Security Coordinator, at 307 754 6067.